Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Compare Modernist and Symbolic Interpretive in Different...

Introduction In this modern era, the global business environment is changing so fast that organizations need to manage differently to suit customers’ unlimited wants. Organization theory is an area of study where organizations are the phenomenon of interest for theory that applies to everybody. Organization are defined as a consciously coordinated social entity, with a relatively, identifiable boundary that performs upon consciously basis to accomplish a mutual goal. Organizations are structured the way they are because different organization perceive and do things differently. Effectiveness of an organization is based on how they are being run: culture, structure and power. Nowadays, flexibility and creativity are primary elements of the†¦show more content†¦(Locke, 1788) It is believed that rationality allows people to control environment through scientific knowledge. Enactment is the impact on the world with different things. For example, Steve Jobs have made the world differen t with the invention of his Apple product. Institutionalization is where others will also to do the same thing when there is a person who starts the lead; which Coles started to give out discount on petrol, Safeway do the same thing as well. Organizational structure The organizational structure is a framework that a company uses to differentiate authority and roles, and the way information flows. Organizational structure is divided into two forms: mechanistic and organic structures. Mechanistic structure is used in modernism where there is high degree of differentiation (numbers of levels in hierarchy- vertical and horizontal), centralization (lower levels have to report to top management), standardization (bureaucracy and standard process), formalization (rules), specialization (division of labor to do only specific task) and low integration (low coordination of activities) between functional designs. Modernism has tall organizational structure as it consists of many hierarchical levels. Mechanistic structure is used in stable companies such as universities and government organizations. According to Adam Smith, division of labor can produce economicShow MoreRelatedOrganizational Theory Multiple Perspectives1514 Words   |  7 Pagesorganizati onal phenomena should be studied in different ways. Different ways of thinking produce different perspectives which come to different concepts and theories. In this essay, multiple perspectives which are modern, symbolic-interpretive and post-modern will be defined. By examine the assumptions, which are ontology and epistemology underlying each of these perspectives, they can be compared. 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